Who is Jesus?

Why is Christmas good news of great joy? “For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, who is Christ the Lord” (Lk. 2:11, ESV). This verse sums up the gospel message. The gospel of Christ is good news because the Savior has now come, and He is Christ, the Lord.

Notice Luke’s Christology (theology of Christ) in v. 11. First, Luke shows that Jesus is the messianic son of David. Micah 5:2 says, “But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, . . . from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose origin is from of old, from ancient days” (Mic. 5:2, ESV). Luke confirms the fulfilled prophecy of Micah. The Messiah is born this day in Bethlehem, the city of David. Thus, Jesus is the messianic son of David.

Second, Jesus is “Savior.” The word, “Savior” (Gk. soter), refers to God. The prophet Zechariah applied this word to God, “Blessed be the Lord God of Israel, for he has visited and redeemed his people and has raised up a horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David” (Lk. 1:68-69, ESV). Zechariah tells us that God saves Israel from her enemies.

Luke now applies this word to the child born in Bethlehem. In that Jesus is Savior, then in the context of Luke, Jesus is God. As Savior of Israel, Jesus is Leader and Judge of Israel. Luke shows this in Acts 5:21, “God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins.” Only God can grant repentance and forgive sins. As the divine Savior, Leader, and Judge, Jesus grants repentance and forgiveness of sins.

Is Jesus your Savior today? Has He given you repentance and forgiveness of your sins? If not yet, call on the Lord Jesus for your salvation!

Third, Jesus is “Christ.” The title, “Christ,” is a kingly title in the Davidic covenant. It refers to the high authority of one in a very high office. That is why the angel said in Luke 1:32-33, “He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. And the Lord God will give to him the throne of his father David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end” (Lk. 1:33, ESV). As Christ, Jesus is the anointed ruler of Israel.

One day, Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you a king?” Jesus replied, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world—to bear witness to the truth” (John 8:37, ESV). Jesus is God’s anointed King who sits on David’s throne. He is the eternal King who reigns over His eternal kingdom.

Fourth, Jesus is “Lord.” Luke calls Christ, the “Lord’s Christ,” or the Christ of the Lord in Lk. 2:26. But in Lk. 2:11, Jesus is Christ the Lord. He is not just the Christ of the Lord, but Christ the Lord.

The title, “Lord,” refers to God. It tells us that Christ is God Himself. The title, “Lord,” also refers to divine authority. Thus, Jesus is Christ the Lord who possesses all authority. Jesus is declared Christ and Lord at His resurrection (Acts 5:36). But He was already called Christ the Lord at His birth.

Have you called on Jesus as your Lord and Savior? The Bible says, “Whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Rom. 10:13, NKJV). The good news of Christmas is the gospel of the Savior, who is Christ the Lord.

Come to Christ today. Repent of your sins. Christ will save you from your sins.


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