A “A wise son makes a glad father, but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother (Prov. 10:1, ESV). [Wise Son/Foolish Son]
- B Treasures gained by wickedness do not profit, but righteousness delivers from death (v. 2). [Profit and Loss]
- C The Lord does not let the righteous go hungry, but he thwarts the craving of the wicked (v. 3). [Sovereignty of the LORD]
- B1 A slack hand causes poverty, but the hand of the diligent makes rich (v. 4). [Profit and Loss]
A1 He who gathers in summer is a prudent son, but he who sleeps in harvest is a son who brings shame (v. 5). [Wise Son/Shameful Son]
In this thematic chiasm, the theme is about a wise son and foolish son bringing either poverty or prosperity to the family. A speaks about the wise son who makes his dad glad. A1 talks about the wise son who gathers food in summer. A also speaks about the foolish son who makes his mom sad. A1 in turn talks about the shameful son who sleeps in the harvest.
In those days, life was agricultural. The poverty or prosperity of the family depends on the son. As the parents grow old, they depend on the son. A lazy son, or a son that makes money by doing wrong things, will make the parents sad and shameful. But a diligent, righteous son will make the parents happy and prosperous. Hence, the key to a family’s prosperity or poverty is the son.
Likewise, children are also the key to a family’s future today. If you are lazy today, your family will be poor tomorrow. If you are diligent today, your family will prosper.